Oil and Gas
Produced Water Treatment: Produced water is a term used in the oil & gas industry to describe water that is produced when oil and gas are extracted from the ground. Oil and gas reservoirs have a natural water layer (formation water) that lies under the hydrocarbons. Oil reservoirs frequently contain large volumes of water, while gas reservoirs tend to have smaller quantities. To achieve maximum oil recovery additional water is often injected into the reservoirs to help force the oil to the surface. Both the formation water and the injected water are eventually produced along with the oil and therefore as the field becomes depleted the produced water content of the oil increases. Electrocoagulation is used as an extremely cost effective and scalable treatment for the reuse of produced waste water.
Frac Water Treatment: Frac Flowback Water Treatment is a treatment that uses gel also known as a proppant. A proppant is a solid material, typically treated sand or man-made ceramic materials, designed to keep an induced hydraulic fracture open, during or following a fracturing treatment. It is added to a fracking fluid which may vary in composition depending on the type of fracturing used, and can be gel, foam or slickwater-based. Electrocoagulation has been used as a successful treatment of fracking gels and should be considered in any water treatment management of hydraulic fracturing.